Pain is defined as an unpleasant sensory and emotional experience associated with actual or potential tissue damage. The mechanism of pain aims to maintain the integrity of the organism and serves a purpose to stop or implement a change in behaviour of the organism. When a pain response is occurring it takes priority in the central nervous system.
Nociceptors, the pain receptors.
Throughout the body pain is detected by a pain receptor called a nociceptor. Nociceptors are found throughout the body and are densely populated in skin, muscles, bones, joint capsule, viscera, blood vessels, meninges and peripheral nerve sheath. These are the receptors that detect damage to tissue and relay this message to the brain.
Types of Pain.
Nociceptive Pain: This type of pain is pain that arises from non – neural tissue that has been damaged or threatened to be damaged due to the activation of nociceptors. This is the most common type of pain felt by the human body.
Neuropathic Pain: Neuropathic pain includes pain that has been caused by a lesion or disease to the somatosensory nervous system. This pain can be caused by damage anywhere along the neuroaxis: peripheral nervous system, spinal or supraspinal nervous system.
Nociplastic Pain: – pain that occurs when there is no evidence of actual or threatened damage to tissue.
Pain is not equal to damage!
Research has shown that the amount of damage to tissue rarely directly relates to the amount of pain felt. Pain relies on context and depends on many factors. It is the brain that decides when or not something hurts and how much it hurts.
What can I do about my pain?
Persistent pain can be managed well. Playing an active role in managing your health and having a toolkit of skills and strategies is the best way to keep your pain under control.
Depending on your pain condition and what skills you would like help with you may need the support of different health professionals.
How about seeing the team at Complete Care Osteopathy in Lilydale!
Our team of highly qualified and experienced professionals are dedicated to helping you with a wide range of musculoskeletal health concerns.
Get in touch and book online or give us a call!
Ph: (03) 7036 6525